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NASA’s Orion spacecraft captured gorgeous photographs throughout the Artemis I Lunar Flyby

A portion of the far facet of the Moon peeks out past the Orion spacecraft on this picture taken on day six of the Artemis I mission by A digital camera on the tip of one in every of Orion’s photo voltaic arrays. The spacecraft entered the lunar floor on Sunday, November 20, with the Moon, not the Earth, being the principle gravitational power appearing on the spacecraft. On Monday, Nov. 21, it got here inside 80 miles of the moon’s floor, the closest method to an unmanned Artemis I, earlier than transferring right into a distant retrograde orbit. across the Moon. The darkest spot within the heart of the picture is the Mare Orientale. Credit score: NASA

NASA Artemis I – Day Six of Flight: Orion Makes Lunar Flyby, Closest Strategy

On the sixth day of the Artemis I mission, Orion efficiently accomplished its fourth orbit correction burn utilizing the auxiliary engine at 1:44 a.m. CST forward of the primary of the 2 maneuvers required to enter an extended retrograde orbit across the Moon. The primary three thrusters supplied the power to fireplace all three sorts of thrusters on Orion with the primary utilizing the principle orbital maneuvering system engine, the second utilizing the small suggestions management system, and the third utilizing medium auxiliary engine.

Orion accomplished its exit flyby at 6:44 a.m. CST, passing 81 miles above Earth at 6:57 a.m. The spacecraft’s pace elevated from 2,128 mph (3,425 km/h) earlier than burn to five,102 mph (8,211 km/h) after burn. Shortly after the exit jet burned, Orion later handed 2,300 miles above the Apollo 11 crash web site at Tranquility Base at 7:37 a.m., and flew over the Apollo 14 web site at an altitude of about 9,600 km. then to the Apollo 12 web site at an altitude of about 12,400 miles.


Earth is seen sitting on the far facet of the Moon behind the Orion spacecraft on this video taken on the sixth day of the Artemis I mission utilizing the -a image of the tip of one in every of Orion’s photo voltaic arrays. The spacecraft is making ready for an Outbound Powered Flyby maneuver that may carry it inside 80 miles of area, the closest the unmanned Artemis I mission will ever come, earlier than transferring into orbit. far retrograde across the Moon. The spacecraft entered the lunar floor on Sunday, November 20, with the Moon, not the Earth, appearing because the spacecraft’s predominant gravitational power. Credit score:[{” attribute=””>NASA

“The mission continues to proceed as we had planned, and the ground systems, our operations teams, and the Orion spacecraft continue to exceed expectations, and we continue to learn along the way about this new, deep-space spacecraft,” said Mike Sarafin, Artemis I mission manager, in a November 21 briefing (see the video embedded below) at Johnson Space Center.

Orion will enter a distant retrograde orbit beyond the Moon on Friday, November 25 with the second maneuver, called the distant retrograde orbit insertion burn. The orbit is “distant” in the sense that it’s at a high altitude from the surface of the Moon, and it’s “retrograde” because Orion will travel around the Moon opposite the direction the Moon travels around Earth. This orbit provides a highly stable orbit where little fuel is required to stay for an extended trip in deep space to put Orion’s systems to the test in an extreme environment far from Earth.


NASA held a press convention at 5 p.m. EST on Monday, November 21, from the company’s Johnson House Middle in Houston to debate the launch of the Orion flyby and supply updates on post-launch evaluations from the House Launch System and Exploration Floor Programs. Artemis I Mission Director Mike Sarafin, Flight Director Judd Frieling, and Orion Program Director Howard Hu participated. After a profitable launch from NASA’s House Launch System at 1:47 a.m. EST Wednesday, November 16, Orion is orbiting the Moon as the primary mission of the Artemis program. Flight controllers referred to as the fireplace at 7:44 a.m. EST (12:44 p.m. ET).[{” attribute=””>UTC) on Monday to harness the force from the Moon’s gravity, accelerate the spacecraft, and direct it toward a distant retrograde orbit beyond the Moon. During the maneuver, Orion made its closest lunar approach, flying about 81 miles above the lunar surface. Orion re-acquired signal with NASA’s Deep Space Network, at 7:59 a.m. EST after successfully performing the outbound powered flyby burn at 7:44 a.m. EST with a firing of the orbital maneuvering system engine for 2 minutes and 30 seconds. Credit: NASA

Orion will travel about 57,287 miles (92,195 km) beyond the Moon at its farthest point from the Moon on November 25, passing the record set by Apollo 14 for the farthest distance traveled by a spacecraft designed for humans at 248,655 miles (400,171 km) from Earth on Saturday, November 26, and reach its maximum distance from Earth of 268,552 miles (432,193 km) on Monday, November 28.

As of Monday, November 21, a total of 3,715.7 pounds of propellant has been used, 76.2 pounds less than prelaunch expected values. There are 2,112.2 pounds of margin available over what is planned for use during the mission, an increase of 201.7 pounds from prelaunch expected values.


Earth is seen rising from behind the Moon’s shadow on this video taken on the sixth day of the Artemis I mission by a digital camera on the tip of one of many photo voltaic array of Orion. The spacecraft had simply accomplished an Outbound Powered Flyby maneuver that introduced it inside 80 miles of area, the closest an unmanned Artemis I mission has ever come, earlier than transferring right into a retrograde orbit. far across the Moon. Credit score: NASA

Shortly after 2:45 p.m. CST on November 21, Orion traveled 216,842 miles (348,973 km) from Earth and 13,444 miles (21,636 km) from the Moon, touring at a pace of pace 3,489 miles per hour (5,615 km per hour).

Observe and observe Orion by means of the Artemis Actual-Time Orbit, or AROW, web site and consider dwell photographs from the spacecraft.

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